Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706-April 17,1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster,scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals,and the Franklin stove, among other inventions.He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and a university.
In 1758, the year he ceased,writing for the Almanack,he printed Father Abraham s Sermon, also known as The Way to Wealth. Franklin's autobiography, begun in 1771 but published after his death, has become one ot the classics of the genre.
1.ANCESTRY AND EARLY YOUTH IN BOSTON 2.BEGINNING LIFE AS A PRINTER 3.ARRIVAL IN PHILADELPHIA 4.FIRST VISIT TO BOSTON 5.EARLY FRIENDS IN PHILADELPHIA 6.FIRST VISIT TO LONDON 7.BEGINNING BUSINESS IN PHILADELPHIA 8.BUSINESS SUCCESS AND FIRST PUBLICSERVICE 9.PLAN FOR ATTAINING MORAL PERFECTION 10.POOR RICHARD'S ALMANAC AND OTHER ACTIVITIES 11.INTEREST IN PUBLIC AFFAIRS 12.DEFENSE OF THE PROVINCE 13.PUBLIC SERVICES AND DUTIES（1749-1753） 14.ALBANY PLAN OF UNION 15.QUARRELS WITH THE PROPRIETARY GOVERNORS 16.BRADDOCK'S EXPEDITION 17.FRANKLIN' S DEFENSE OF THE FRONTIER 18.SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS 19.AGENT OF PENNSYLVANIA IN LONDON APPENDIX BIBLIOGRAPHY